Ethnomusicology is the study of traditional, folk and popular music traditions practiced within diverse cultures and societies. Ethnomusicologists conduct fieldwork to learn how societies function. By conducting interviews, attending and observing performances, learning about local history, language and customs, and doing musical analysis ethnomusicologists are able to study the ways in which individuals learn, create and understand music in different cultural communities, the means by which music is transmitted via both social and media networks, the significance of music revivals, or the impact of new contexts on the style and meaning of music. Ethnomusicologists consider questions of identity and how performance becomes a place where identity is negotiated. They examine the role of music in human life, analyze relationships between music and culture, and study music across disciplines drawing from Anthropology, Sociology, Folklore, History, Area Studies (i.e. Mexican American, Latino/a, American, Ethnic, Indigenous) and Studies in Urban and Popular Culture.